Glossary of Terms - Health, Podiatry & Chiropody in Eastbourne & UK

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Podiatry
Podiatry or podiatric medicine is a branch of medicine devoted to the study of diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, and lower extremity.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
See also: FAQ



Chiropody
The treatment of the feet, especially the treatment of corns, verrucas, etc. An earlier and still frequent term for podiatry.
Source: The freedictionary.com
See also: FAQ



Hypermobility
Hypermobility describes joints that stretch further than normal. For example, some hypermobile people can bend their thumbs backwards to their wrists, bend their knee joints backwards, put their leg behind the head or perform other contortionist "tricks". It can affect one or more joints throughout the body. When present in the hands, it is colloquially referred to as "double-jointedness".
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Biomechanics
Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells by means of the methods of mechanics.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Palpating

Palpation is the process of using one's hands to examine the body, especially while perceiving/diagnosing a disease or illness. Usually performed by a healthcare practitioner, it is also the process of feeling an object in or on the body to determine its size, shape, firmness, or location (such as a veterinarian would check/feel the stomach of a pregnant animal to ensure good health and successful delivery).
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Mobilisation
Joint mobilisation is a manual therapy intervention, a type of passive movement of a skeletal joint. It is usually aimed at a 'target' synovial joint with the aim of achieving a therapeutic effect. These techniques are often used by chiropractors, osteopaths, occupational therapists, and physical therapists.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




Verruca
A plantar wart also known as verruca, myrmecia and verruca plantaris is a wart caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) occurring on the sole (Latin planta) or toes of the foot. HPV infections in other locations are not plantar; see human papillomavirus. Plantar warts are usually self-limiting, but treatment is generally recommended to lessen symptoms (which may include pain), decrease duration, and reduce transmission. Infection occurs in an estimated 7–10% of the US population, and genetics plays an important role in determining susceptibility.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Corns

A corn (or clavus, plural clavi or clavuses) is a distinctively shaped callus of dead skin that usually occurs on thin or glabrous (hairless and smooth) skin surfaces, especially on the dorsal surface of toes or fingers. They can sometimes occur on the thicker palmar or plantar skin surfaces. Corns form when the pressure point against the skin traces an elliptical or semi-elliptical path during the rubbing motion, the center of which is at the point of pressure, gradually widening. If there is constant stimulation of the tissue producing the corns, even after the corn is surgically removed, the skin may continue to grow as a corn.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Callus
A callus (or callosity) is a toughened area of skin which has become relatively thick and hard in response to repeated friction, pressure, or other irritation
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis, also known as plantar fasciosis or jogger's heel, is a disorder that results in pain in the heel and bottom of the foot. The pain is usually most severe with the first steps of the day or following a period of rest. Pain is also frequently brought on by bending the foot and toes up towards the shin and may be worsened by a tight Achilles tendon.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Athlete's foot
Athlete's foot (also known as ringworm of the foot, tinea pedum, and moccasin foot) is a common and contagious skin disease that causes itching, scaling, flaking, and sometimes blistering of the affected areas. Its medical name is tinea pedis, a member of the group of diseases or conditions known as tinea, most of which are dermatophytoses (fungal infections of the skin, hair, or nails).
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Orthotics
Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of or thoses. An orthosis (plural: orthoses) is "an externally applied device used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system".An orthotist is the primary medical clinician responsible for the prescription, manufacture and management of orthoses.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Acupuncture

Acupuncture (from Latin, 'acus' (needle) + 'punctura' (to puncture) is a form of alternative medicine and a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) involving inserting thin needles into the body at acupuncture points.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




Myofascial

Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), also known as chronic myofascial pain (CMP), is a syndrome characterized by chronic pain in multiple myofascial trigger points ("knots") and fascial constrictions. Characteristic features of a myofascial trigger points include: focal point tenderness, reproduction of pain upon trigger point palpation, hardening of the muscle upon trigger point palpation, pseudo-weakness of the involved muscle, referred pain, and limited range of motion following approximately 5 seconds of sustained trigger point pressure.
Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Dry needling
Dry needling (Myofascial Trigger Point Dry Needling is the use of either solid filiform needles (also referred to as acupuncture needles) or hollow-core hypodermic needles for therapy of muscle pain, including pain related to myofascial pain syndrome.
Source:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia




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